Gain optimization of parasitic arrays with constrained radiation patterns.

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Aalborg University Center , Aalborg
SeriesReport -- No. 5.
ContributionsBach Andersen, Joergen.
The Physical Object
Pagination3 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19989381M

Numerical optimization techniques for constrained optimization have been used to synthesize maximum-gain parasitic arrays with constraints imposed on radiation patterns.

Methods of reducing Gain optimization of parasitic arrays with constrained radiation patterns. / Schjær-Jacobsen, Hans; Bach Andersen, J.

In: AEU-ARCHIV FUR ELEKTRONIK UND UBERTRAGUNGSTECHNIK-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS, Vol. 28, No. 6,p. Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article ›: Contribution to journal Download PDF: Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s): (external link) The comparative study focuses on maximum radiation intensity, directivity, and gain values where model (1) gives ranges of to for maximum radiation intensity, to for Reconfigurable aperture (RECAP) antennas can be considered a generalization of the reconfigurable antenna concept, consisting of a large array of reconfigurable elements and supporting many applications like adaptive matching, frequency agility, and beam- and null-formation.

Although providing similar functions to phased arrays, the non-linear and non-convex nature of the objective function The parasitic antenna arrays are also used to achieve high beam forming gain by controlling the mutual coupling between the elements [].

An interesting work on the design of dual band, high Particularly, the realized gain of the E-fiber array was dBi, 1 dB lower than that of the copper array. We note that the increased spacing between the patch elements during bending led to the difference between the radiation patterns of the flat and curved ://   The overall length was 34 cm.

and the peak gain was dB with respect to an isotropic radiator. The estimated radiation efficiency was 83 percent. PLANAR MICROSTRIP ARRAYS. Planar microstrip arrays are used to form a pencil beam and array elements can be fed in a variety of :// Antenna Arrays (Phased Arrays) An antenna array (often called a ' phased array ') is a set of 2 or more antennas.

The signals from the antennas are combined or processed in order to achieve improved performance over that of a single The mutual coupling between antenna elements affects the antenna parameters like terminal impedances, reflection coefficients and hence the antenna array performance in terms of radiation characteristics, output signal-to-interference noise ratio (SINR), and radar cross section (RCS).

This coupling effect is also known to directly or indirectly influence the steady state and transient response Similar to conventional adaptive arrays, ES-PAR Antenna is an adaptive solution that can create and steer both radiation lobes and nulls in arbitrary directions [1].

The radiation pattern is controlled by varying the DC voltage across varactors loading the parasitic elements that surround a feed element. Due to it's low cost, compact size, uncomplicated structure and low power requirements The application of recently developed algorithms to antenna systems design is demonstrated by the worst-case tolerance optimization of linear broadside arrays, using both spacings and excitation In this paper a new approach has been presented to improve the beamforming and null-steering capabilities of small, wireless terminal antennas.

Due to the reduced number of antennas and the crucial environmental influences (antenna separation, battery, small groundplane), the beamforming performance is limited.

Especially in the case of null-steering the achivable attenuation of the nulls is This article considers the exploitation of parasitic antenna arrays in multi-user (MU) wireless communication systems by using their adaptive beamforming capabilities in order to improve the average system throughput.

The use of parasitic arrays and especially the electrically steerable passive array radiator (ESPAR) antennas enables the design of terminals with a single RF front-end and   There are two types of arrays antenna.

Driven Array. The driven array is also called the driven element. It is the element of the antenna which is directly connected with the source or the load. In the given diagram the folded dipole is the example of the driven array.

Parasitic Array. The parasitic arrays are also called the parasitic ://    Algorithm description. In order to describe the algorithm for the design of conformal microstrip antennas, for the sake of simplicity, let us first consider a probe-fed planar microstrip antenna with a gular patch of length Lpa and width Wpa, mounted on a dielectric substrate of thickness hs, relative permittivity εr, and loss tangent tan δ, such as the one shown in Figure 1(a).

Results for 5 × 5 planar arrays: (A) current distributions on both active and parasitic elements and (B) radiation patterns in the polar plot. In all of the aforementioned examples, although the gain of the proposed array is relatively smaller than that of the fully active array elements, the radiation patterns are still in an acceptable ://    The Radiation Integrals 63 Element Pattern Effects, Mutual Coupling, Gain Computed from Element Patterns 68 Characteristics of Linear and Planar Arrays 75 Linear Array Characteristics 75 Planar Array Characteristics 84 Scanning to Endfire 89 Thinned Arrays 92 Average Patterns of Density-Tapered Arrays In Figure 1, we show the effect of this technique on the average network throughput for parasitic arrays capable of producing 3 or 5 orthogonal basis patterns, compared to using conventional multi-element receive antennas and implementing MRC algorithms on mobile terminals.

The average throughput has been computed by means of the following   EXTENSIONPLANAR TO ARRAYS CIRCULAR OF GEOMETRY The statistical synthesis method has been applied to planar arrays of circular geometry with radiation patterns given by (5). The extensions of the one-dimensional analysis are straightforward, and the resulting expression for the expected form of the power pattern is given by c: 35 40 00 10 20 30 40 50 60 Fig.

› 百度文库 › 行业资料. An array of monopole antennas over a ground plane that radiates a directive lobe in the end-fire direction are described in this paper.

The design uses the rigorous method described by Drouet et al. in order to synthesize the radiation through the strong cumulative coupling between the monopoles. A gain higher than 20 dB was achieved in the end-fire direction over a % :// The fields on the surface of the reflectarray are used to compute the radiation patterns using the First Principle of Equivalence.

The co-polar and cross-polar radiation patterns have been computed and they are in agreement with the requirements specified in Table 1. The average simulated losses in the dielectric layers are   The far-field radiation pattern is the superposition of all monopoles’ radiation patterns IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL.

52, NO. 7, JULY B. Signal Model and Assumption To model the propagation environment  › 百度文库 › 高校与高等教育.

Details Gain optimization of parasitic arrays with constrained radiation patterns. EPUB

A frequency domain finite element method (FEM) was employed to design the patch antenna array using an optimization technique based on the gradient algorithm to optimize the physical structure on a finite ground plane for optimal directivity in elevation plane and antenna gain at GHz.

The switched parasitic element technique was used to   4-) Efficiency-Constrained Particle Swarm Optimization of a Modified Bernstein Polynomial for Conformal Array Excitation Amplitude Synthesis by D. Boeringer and D. Werner IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol.

53, No.

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8, pp.August ABSTRACT: As various enabling technologies advance, conformal phased arrays are finding more numerous   For high gain arrays, beam squint can be a limiting factor on instantaneous bandwidth.

Reconfiguration can alleviate this problem by providing control of the element phase centers. Scan coverage can be improved and scan blindness alleviated by controlling the embedded antenna patterns of the elements as well as by providing control of the   arrays, ESPARs only require a few active antenna elements with RF chains, while other antenna elements are parasitic and excited passively by the mutual coupling effect.

With a tunable load employed at each parasitic element, the mutual coupling and consequently the currents at each antenna port can be controlled to form the desired radiation Note that while these examples are based on small linear arrays to help illustrate the ideas, the same type of workflows can be applied to larger, more complex array structures.

Modeling Array Perturbations. Figure 1 shows how perturbations in gain on a uniform linear array (ULA) affect the array pattern.

Here, the perturbations are assumed to   () Constrained short-term and long-term multi-objective production optimization using general stochastic approximation algorithm.

Description Gain optimization of parasitic arrays with constrained radiation patterns. EPUB

Cluster Computing S3, () Optimized data exploration applied to the simulation of a chemical :// The resulting normalized amplitude patterns of the three arrays, for N s 16 and d s 0, are shown in Figure 8. The differences in the magnitude of the gain ripple in the resulting radiation patterns can be seen in Figure 8.

These differences were eliminated by constraining the gain ripple to. The optimal ef?ciency and gain of antennas con?ned to a volume [6], [7] set an upper bound on the performance of RECAP antennas with arbitrary complexity con?ned to the same volume. Although it is completely expected that diminishing returns with increasing RECAP complexity will be experienced as the performance limit is approached, it is not clear Manuscript received Febru  › 百度文库 › 行业资料.A 5G metasurface (MS) transmitarray (TA) feed by compact-antenna array with the performance of high gain and side-lobe level (SLL) reduction is presented.

The proposed MS has two identical metallic layers etched on both sides of the dielectric substrate and four fixed vias connecting two metallic layers that works at 28 GHz to increase the transmission phase shift range. The proposed planar TA   The measured results show that the antenna achieves good impedance matching, con stant gain, and stable radiation patterns over an operating.

The stable Omni-directional radi- ation pattern and flat group delay makes the proposed antenna suitable for being used in UWB applications In chapter 8, rectangular planar antenna is initially chosen as conventional structure due to its low profile and